Current world population of 7.3 billion—1 billion more than 12 years ago—is projected to grow to 8.5 billion by 2030, establishing need for greatly increased food production capacity.
Rate of climate change is expected to increase over the next 50 years, and current climate conditions bring new stresses on agriculture production and prevent sustainable vegetation production in many areas.
Strains on the environment from food production has caused declines in biodiversity, soil carbon, and air quality. Issues include soil erosion, high groundwater salinization from fertilizer/pesticides, and decreased water availability.
Since 1998, food production costs have increased 57% and purchased input costs have increased 74%, but there has been no significant change in aggregate value of net farm income in the last 40 years.
FISH STOCK DEPLETIONS
Fish demand is at an all-time high, and is the primary source of protein for 17% of the world's population and nearly 25% in low-income food-deficient countries.